Materials

raw materials
The raw materials we use to make our knives: G10, S35VN stainless steel, kydex, rivets, stainless steel screws and stand-offs

The materials used in our products are of the highest quality.

Stainless Steel

The first and most important material used in making our knives is stainless steel. Stainless steel has come a long way since its introduction in knife making in the 20th century. Early stainless steels used in knife making had very poor edge retention and dulled easily. Many large, well known knife making companies are using stainless steel that was developed decades ago. This is why many people still believe that old fashioned “carbon steels” are superior.  The truth is that the best stainless steels on the market today hold an edge at least as well as carbon steels. On top of this, stainless steel is of course “stainless.” We use leading-edge American steel manufactured by Crucible Industries for all of our blades. All of the knives we make currently use CPM® S35VN™ stainless steel, introduced by Crucible in 2009. The alloy composition and methods used to produce it make it one of the best cutlery steels available. Compared to 440C stainless steel ( the first of the good knife making stainless steels, and still widely used today) S35VN offers significant gains in wear resistance as well as toughness (up to 45% better edge retention in CATRA testing). In practical use, we’ve found S35 holds an edge about 2-3 times longer than a typical german chef’s knife, under the same circumstances.

We currently offer several different blade finishes which we describe in a FAQ on the topic.

G10 Handle Material

Our standard handle material is called G10, a laminate made up of layers of fiberglass and epoxy resin. It is widely used in the manufacture of custom and high quality production knives for a few reasons. It is extremely strong, virtually immune to cracking, highly stain resistant, available in many colours and very attractive. For an idea of the strength of G10, see our torture test video.

Wood Handles

Western_yew_colour_range
Range of colour in Pacific Yew wood handle scales

We offer most of our knives with wood scales. Our current standard woods include:

Pacific Yew: Harvested from a large dead wild tree on Bowen Island BC near Vancouver in 2014. This is a native west coast wood that can vary in colour from rich orange to almost black, and grain can vary from straight to highly figured. Yew was traditionally used for bow making.

Western (Bigleaf) Maple: Harvested wild from the Parksville area of Vancouver Island in 2010. This was a large tree with sections showing spalting. So many of the scales will show black streaks and multi colours.

London Plane: we sourced this from a Vancouver woodworker who had harvested it as urban timber from the Metrotown area of Burnaby where we operate. Not native to BC, but commonly planted as an urban tree here. Very similar to American Sycamore, with some very spectacular lacy figure to the grain. It is estimated that about 10% of the street and park trees in London England are this species.

Western Dogwood: The flower of this tree is BC’s provincial flower. Though native to BC, the wood we have came from an urban tree, also harvested from the Metrotown area of Burnaby during a redevelopment project.

How we treat the wood: Once the handles are milled, We vacuum seal the wood with a highly water resistant epoxy then finish with a durable UV protective layer. This makes for a handle that works well for a kitchen knife that gets wet frequently. We pack wood handle car instructions with each wood handled knife we ship.

Wood does not have the shear ruggedness of G10, but every scale has a unique look. When ordering a knife with a wood handle, let us know if you prefer a particular look and we will try to accommodate you.

Handle Attachment

Fixed blade, full tang knives are most often made with riveted-on handles. On such knives, the handles are sanded smooth with the tang at the factory. This results in an apparently flawless flush fit between the tang and handle scales. For both small scale custom makers and for robot-finished commercial knives, this basically means leaving the parts a little oversize during assembly and then sanding it all down to the finished size.

We have chosen a different approach, which offers a few advantages. Our process involves making parts to a very close tolerance so that the handle scales bolt on to the knife tang without the final sanding step. The biggest benefit of doing it this way is that it enables the knives to be easily serviceable. If a handle scale is physically damaged, all that is required is to unscrew the scales and put on replacements. With our method the fit is a little less pristine than the all-parts-sanded-at once approach, but we feel that serviceability far outweighs this minor difference. One of our FAQs also discusses handle attachments.

Sheaths

The sheaths for our outdoor knives are made of KYDEX® (produced by KYDEX LLC in the USA), a modern thermoplastic. It is a very popular sheath material offering many advantages over traditional leather. It is formed around the knife using heat, this gives the sheath a glove-like fit, keeping the knife secure even when turned upside down. It is also waterproof and stain/chemical resistant. We use brass rivets in sheath construction to provide long term durability and prevent any chance of rusting.

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